Water intake for household needs and economic activity of the residents of Khivabad village and Kaahka town of Kaahka district is coming from the trans-border river Layinsuv.
About half of the annual volume of water, which is approximately, 250 l/sec was used for drinking needs in Kaahka town, the rest for the household needs and growing of the fruit trees and vegetables by the residents of Khivabad village. During spring months water was used for irrigation of the winter wheat by the local farmers.
However, about 2-3 years ago the water intake from Layinsuv was hindered by the high levels of infiltration. Water loses amounted to almost 50% from the water intaken for drinking needs of Kaahka town. Water loses from the distribution point to the purifying plant in Kaahka town amounted to the quarter.
To solve the issues of water and energy efficiency of water intake from Layinsuv, the joint project of UNDP/GEF and the State Committee for water management of Turkmenistan built a partnership to introduce new technologies for sustainable and uninterrupted water supply. The project chose to use a nature-driven and intuitive solution.
“It was vital for us to ensure careful use and prevent the loss of every drop of water in Turkmenistan,” notes Geldi Myradov, Project Manager.
In 2016, the project has constructed a gravity flow water conduit which allowed reducing water infiltration loses to zero and ensured proper volume supply of the drinking water to Kaahka town. It also allowed turning off majority of the electic pumps which used to bring water from water wells.