“Livestock breeding is a strategic sector of the country's economy that ensures food security, and if timely measures to increase sustainability are not taken, then this can lead to a decrease in economic and social well-being of the region. Sustainability implies a balance between water availability, fodder reserves and regulation of livestock numbers,” explains Ovezdurdy Jumadurdyev, UNDP / GEF project specialist.
The restoration of Esenaman site and the catchment area on it will allow sheep flocks to be moved 30-35 km inland to the sands and will provide an opportunity for pastures of the Adjy Guyy site (30 km from Esenaman) to recover within 3-4 years. In addition, the Esenaman feed supply will increase the number of sheep by 2-3 thousand heads.
For this reason, the UNDP / GEF project “Supporting climate resilient livelihoods in agricultural communities in drought-prone areas of Turkmenistan” (SCRL) and and the EU-funded “Central Asia Nexus Dialogue Project” implemented by the Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (CAREC) in partnership with the International Union for Conservation of Nature and with the support of the Executive Committee of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (IFAS) joined forces to introduce innovative technologies to increase adaptive capacity at Esenaman.
In fall 2019, solar-powered pumping equipment was installed, and several measures were taken to restore sardob and kak.
1. Sardobs were reconstructed and fenced off that would prevent grazing animals from damaging the structure.
2. The use of solar energy is an environmentally friendly solution in desert conditions where access to electricity and power lines is limited. Energy is used to ensure the operation of pumps that pump water from sardobs for drinking livestock needs.
3. A scheme was also proposed for sustainable pasture turnover in Garagum livestock farm. These measures will help preserve the existing pastures and increase the productivity of livestock farming.