Addressing Climate Change Risks to Farming Systems in Turkmenistan at National and Community Level

What is the project about

Climate change is projected to have significant impacts on water resources in an already arid Turkmenistan. Water availability and supply are likely to suffer from increasing shortages due to elevated temperatures, overall climate aridification and competition for water arising from regional trans-boundary water issues. Turkmenistan’s inherent aridity and reliance on agriculture as a source of both income and food renders the country particularly vulnerable to these climate change impacts.

In response, the Government of Turkmenistan is proposing to take a comprehensive approach to water adaptation in the agricultural sector. This initiative, which seeks financing through the Adaptation Fund (AF), aims to increase resilience in 3 different agro-climatic zones in Turkmenistan by implementing hard water efficiency and irrigation measures, and to develop water user associations benefiting over 30,000 farmers.

The main objective of the project is to strengthen water management practices at both local and national levels in response to climate change-induced water scarcity risks that are increasingly affecting farming systems in Turkmenistan. The project will assess and deliver concrete water adaptation measures to local vulnerable communities in the three typical agro-ecological regions, while also strengthening national level water legislation and pricing to ensure water availability for the non-state sector farmers. This combination of outcomes will ensure that concrete actions implemented through AF resources are sustainable beyond the lifetime of the project.

What have we accomplished so far

At the inception:
  • Project Inception Workshop has been conducted on 22 May 2012 with participation of national ministries and agencies beneficiaries of the project activities. The Workshop marked the official start of project activities
  • Inception round-tables in each of the three project regions: Nohur, Karakum and Sakarchaga have been conducted for local communities and representatives of the local-self-government bodies and municipalities to raise the awareness of project objectives, goals, tasks and to ensure active involvement of local beneficiaries through the implementation of project
  • Round-table discussions were held on 22 August 2012 with representatives of the development partners involved in project and initiatives on environment, adaptation and environment regional diplomacy. Such round-tables will be continued on a regular basis
  • Training on local community mobilization was conducted. Newly trained moderators have gained relevant knowledge and skills to organize, facilitate and coordinate community mobilization trainings in their respective communities. The ultimate objective of the community mobilization process is to ensure sustainability of local adaptation practices that will be identified and implemented through a participatory approach. Developed module is adapted to the conditions of Turkmenistan and transferred for translation into the Turkmen language
  • Concept in order to conduct trainings in all 3 pilot regions is developed. Trainings in project regions will help to identify the community needs and develop adaptation measures in the context of Climate change.  Pilot areas where in the near future will be implemented technical adaptation measures including the specifics of each project region were selected
  • Offices in the project regions Sakarchaga and Nohur are established and functioning. Office in the Karakum region will be set up soon.
Key deliverables in 2015:

In the desert zone (Bokurdak):

  • 7 construction of new and 6 renovation of existing wells;
  • 11 construction of new and 4 renovation of existing dew mounds (sardobs);
  • 8 cleaning of takyrs and kaks;
  • 10 ha of sand dune fixation;
  • Local nursery is functioning.

 In the irrigated zone (Sakarchaga):

  • 6 km of cleaning of the existing drainage system (DS) and the construction of new systems DS;
  • 16 construction of new and renovation of existing water distribution and water control structures;
  • 20 ha of reclamation of the previously used, but now wastelands;
  • 17 levelling of irrigated land using laser equipment;
  • Local nursery is functioning.

In the mountainous zone (Nohur):

  • construction and renovation of 10 dams with water reservoirs;
  • 20 reconstruction of the new drip irrigation system;
  • 14 pits - introduction of production technology and use of vermicomposting (biogumus);
  • Repair work around 4 springs;
  • Construction of a concrete basin (volume - 400 m3);
  • Local nursery is functioning. 

Who Finances it

Donor Amount contributed, USD
Adaptation Fund 2,929,500
Total budget 2,929,500

Delivery in previous fiscal year(s)

Year Amount, USD
2012 104,683
2013 401, 355
2014 818, 371
2015 886, 349

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