Expert opinion on energy saving technologies and practices in Turkmenistan
08 Dec 2015 by Nazik Myradova
Irina Terekhova and Sergey Terekhov - international consultants of the UNDP-supported and GEF-financed project "Improving energy efficiency in the residential building sector of Turkmenistan.”
Ms. Terekhova is a senior research fellow at the Research and Design department of energy efficient technologies in the construction of the Belarus state enterprise "Institute of residential buildings – NIPTIS named after Atayev S.S.”.
Mr. Terekhov is the head of research and design department of energy of energy efficient technologies in the construction of the Belarus state enterprise "Institute of residential buildings – NIPTIS named after Atayev S.S.”.
UNDP: The world talks much about climate change, decreasing rainfall and global warming. How is climate change connected to the necessity to introduce energy saving technologies in the residential buildings?
Mr. Terekhov: The fossil fuels burned by people for various needs contribute to the environmental degradation of our planet. The housing sector consumes 30-40% of total number of energy resources. Moreover, this figure is almost unchanged in most developed countries. Therefore, the importance of reducing energy consumption in the residential sector is obvious. Energy-saving measures may vary depending on the degree of efficiency and cost. Many of them are implemented in the pilot projects of UNDP. Right now, every citizen can make a contribution to reduce the energy consumption of his home by turning off the light which is continuously on or shutting the front door of the house. Energy saving will be truly effective only when citizens become conscious of this necessity.
UNDP:. What changes are being prepared for the building codes of Turkmenistan in the area of energy conservation?
Ms. Terekhova: Within the UNDP project of support, Turkmenistan made relevant changes to the building codes “Residential buildings” and “Roofs and roofing” on the use of energy saving technologies. The country completed a revision of the building code “Building Climatology”, which includes updated climatic parameters for the construction and augmented parameters for cooling period. The “Thermal Engineering” code is also updated with the new regulations in the field of thermal protection of buildings.
UNDP: What methods were undertake in the process of the revision of the national building standards of Turkmenistan?
Ms. Terekhova: Turkmenistan used international, European and CIS methods and standards while developing the new energy consumption standards for residential and general buildings.
In particular, Turkmenistan adopted a holistic approach, considering the building with fences, space-planning solutions and engineering systems as a whole. The “Building Thermal Engineering” code sets standards for energy consumption during heating and cooling seasons. Similarly to the European standards, the “Building Thermal Engineering” code provides the indicator for consumption of primary energy. This approach is very promising that in the future will help to gradually move to the indicator of total energy consumption by stimulating the use of renewable sources in engineering systems of buildings.
UNDP: In your opinion, what is the main achievement of the UNDP project in Turkmenistan?
Mr. Terekhov: The main achievement is the fact that the issue of energy conservation in the residential buildings sector moved from theory to practice. Practical steps have already been taken by the project to implement energy saving measures into a number of pilot buildings and the energy saved has been scientifically measured. The project also reviewed the regulatory framework to ensure energy efficiency measures is now an integral part of the construction of residential buildings. The project also developed a module on energy efficiency for inclusion into the curriculum of 3rd year students at the Institute Architecture and Construction.