Consultations on nationalizing SDGsMar 2, 2016
UNDP supports all environment/governance-related consultations. See below...
Goal 7 “Affordable and clean energy.”
Ashgabat, 18 March 2016: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) consultation continued with the discussion of the Goal 5 “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all,” presented by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Ministry of the Oil and Gas of Turkmenistan.
Representatives of about ten national ministries and agencies discussed the proposed five targets to the Goal 5 and their relevance to Turkmenistan. Participants of todays’ consultation agreed to adopt all five global targets as is. Two of six indicators accepted without modification. One was changed to the local context, one requires further clarification. Two national indicators were developed.
“Turkmenistan has connected all of its cities, villages, towns and small settlements to the electric power. Nowadays, every cattle breeder has a portable generator that helps him get electricity. The government has developed a very detailed concept for development of the energy industry for 2013-2020. The question on our agenda is how to make sure that the quality of energy is high and it is green – clean energy,” noted participants of the consultation.
Discussion mainly covered such topics as energy intensity and renewable sources of energy. It was suggested that the first topic needs qualified human resources and computation methodology. Since Turkmenistan has undertaken commitment to report for energy intensity, the recommendation is to consult with the State Committee of Nature Protection and Land Resources to work on the given indicator.
The country also intends to develop renewable sources of energy and work in this direction in the future. At this moment, the country lacks concrete information about approaches and technologies available that can help in increasing the renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption. On this ground, the participants proposed reporting in terms of a number of explored technologies, scientific research development in the field of renewable source of energy and their application in Turkmenistan after 2020.
The goal includes the following background,
“Ensuring universal access to affordable electricity by 2030 means investing in clean energy sources such as solar, wind and thermal. Adopting cost-effective standards for a wider range of technologies could also reduce the global electricity consumption by buildings and industry by 14 percent. This means avoiding roughly 1,300 mid-size power plants. Expanding infrastructure and upgrading technology to provide clean energy sources in all developing countries is a crucial goal that can both encourage growth and help the environment.”
Goal 6 "Ensure access for water and sanitation for all"
Ashgabat, 16 March 2016: The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Ministry of Communal Service of Turkmenistan gathered today at the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) consultation for the Goal 6 "Ensure access for water and sanitation for all" discussion.
Representatives of about 10 national ministries and agencies discussed the proposed eight targets to the Goal 6 and their relevance to Turkmenistan. Participants of todays’ consultation agreed to adopt all eight global targets as is. Eight of 11 indicators accepted without modification. One was adjusted to the local context and two require further clarification.
The consultation has covered such aspects as safe supply of drinking water and sanitation in the cities and rural areas. The discussion of the relevant indicators noted that Turkmenistan has already been undertaking a number of national programs to increase the access to quality drinking water and sanitation and enhance the effectiveness of the water management sector in the country
“Turkmenistan already implements many activities in the field of water provision and protection. In particular, in the past 5-7 years, there have been many new water filtering and water cleaning installations erected throughout the country. It is very important for us to ensure that everyone has equal access to water. It is free for every citizen of Turkmenistan, just as access to many other resources of the country,” said representative of Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources of Turkmenistan.
The goal includes the following background:
«Water scarcity affects more than 40 percent of people around the world, an alarming figure that is projected to increase with the rise of global temperatures as a consequence of climate change. Although 2.1 billion people have gained access to improved water sanitation since 1990, dwindling supplies of safe drinking water is a major problem impacting every continent.
In 2011, 41 countries experienced water stress; ten of them are close to depleting their supply of renewable freshwater and must now rely on non-conventional sources. Increasing drought and desertification is already exacerbating these trends. By 2050, it is projected that at least one in four people are likely to be affected by recurring water shortages.»
Goal 2 "Zero hunger"
Ashgabat, 15 March 2016: Goal 2 “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture” was discussed on today’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) consultation, headed by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Industry of Turkmenistan.
Representatives of about 13 national ministries and agencies discussed the proposed eight targets to the Goal 2 and their relevance to Turkmenistan. Participants of todays’ consultation agreed to adopt five global targets as is, with one adjusted target. Total number of accepted targets is six. Seven of 14 indicators accepted without modification. Three were adjusted to the local context and one national indicator was developed.
The discussion covered the many dimensions of hunger and the need for improvements in the agriculture sector. While the country has basis for development of plant banks, it also needs qualified plant breeders to have genetic diversity of seeds and cultivated plants.
The goal includes the following background:
«Rapid economic growth and increased agricultural productivity over the past two decades has seen the proportion of undernourished people drop by almost half.
Many developing countries that used to suffer from famine and hunger can now meet the nutritional needs of the most vulnerable. Central and East Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean have all made huge progress in eradicating extreme hunger.
These are all significant achievements in reaching the targets set out by the first Millennium Development Goals. Unfortunately, extreme hunger and malnutrition remain a huge barrier to development in many countries. 795 million people are estimated to be chronically undernourished as of 2014, often as a direct consequence of environmental degradation, drought and loss of biodiversity. Over 90 million children under the age of five are dangerously underweight. And one person in every four still goes hungry in Africa.»
Goal 14 «Life below water»
Ashgabat, 07 March 2016: The Sustainable Development Goals consultations in Turkmenistan moved on discussing «Life below water» Goal 14, led by the State Committee for Environment Protection and Land Resources along with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Goal 14 focuses on the conservation and sustainability in the use of oceans, seas and marine resources:
«Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. However, today we are seeing 30 percent of the world’s fish stocks overexploited, well below a level at which they can produce sustainable yields.
Oceans also absorb about 30 percent of the carbon dioxide produced by humans, and we are seeing a 26 percent rise in ocean acidification since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Marine pollution, an overwhelming majority of which comes from land-based sources, is reaching alarming levels, with an average of 13,000 pieces of plastic litter to be found on every square kilometer of ocean.» 
Representatives of about 14 national ministries and agencies discussed the proposed ten global targets and ten indicators to the Goal 14 and their relevance to Turkmenistan. Participants of todays’ consultation agreed to adopt nine of the ten global targets as globally defined. Five of the ten corresponding global indicators were adopted unmodified. Two of the global indicators will be clarified further. Five new indicators were developed to the Turkmenistan context.
The «Life below water» discussion concentrated greatly on the critical need of experts in the field of oceanology in Turkmenistan. Representatives agreed on the importance of allocating finance for research work in the area of marine technology, as well as building scientific research centers in the country.
Goal 13 «Climate action»
Ashgabat, 04 March 2016: Todays national Sustainable Development Goals consultations in Turkmenistan covered "Climate Action" Goal 13. Consultations were co-led by the United Nations Development Programme and the State Committee for Environment Protection and Land Resources. The goal includes take urgent action to combat climate change and its impact.
«There is no country in the world that is not seeing first-hand the drastic effects of climate change. Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, and are now more than 50 percent higher than their 1990 level. Further, global warming is causing long-lasting changes to our climate system, which threatens irreversible consequences if we do not take action now.
The annual average losses from just earthquakes, tsunamis, tropical cyclones and flooding count in the hundreds of billions of dollars, requiring an investment of US$ 6 billion annually in disaster risk management alone. The goal aims to mobilize $100 billion annually by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries and help mitigate climate-related disasters.» 
Representatives of about nine national ministries and agencies discussed the proposed five global targets and seven indicators to the Goal 13 and their relevance to Turkmenistan. Participants of todays’ consultation agreed to adopt three of the five global targets as globally defined, and five of the seven corresponding global indicators were adopted unmodified. One of the global target will be clarified further. Three indicators were modified to the Turkmenistan context.
The issue of climate change is a high priority for Turkmenistan. The targets that created the greatest attention were on how to integrate climate issues into development planning. Therefore, the participants agreed the importance of approving the National Economic Programme of Action on Adaptation and Mitigation, NEPAAM, 2016-2020.
Goal 15 «Life on land»
Ashgabat, 02 March 2016: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has kicked off the national consultations on adopting SDGs in Turkmenistan. The purpose of the consultations is to incorporate the goals, targets and indicators into the national and ministerial programmes and action plans.
The first consultation held on the Goal 15 “Life on land” (Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss) was held with participation of about 10 national ministries and agencies.
“We are proud to partner with UNDP on the projects related to nature protection. For the past several years the cooperation between the National Committee for Nature Protection of Turkmenistan and UNDP has been very fruitful. We have amended and adopted several national codes on environment protection and have just completed implementation of the international biodiversity convention. We look forward to the future events and activities, and are committed to adopting the SDGs in Turkmenistan,” said Berdi Berdiev, Head of the National Committee for Nature Protection.
During the debate on the indicators of the Goal 15, national experts noted the peculiarities of the nature and climatic conditions of Turkmenistan, such as desertification and salinization of the soil, as well as forest degradation which are not reflected in the proposed indicators. In this regard, it was suggested to introduce a new indicator that would reflect the above issues.
Representatives of the national agencies have listed national programmes and other documents that already include the SDGs indicators.
Participants of the first consultation agreed on 10 targets, suggested 7 new or additional targets, and put on hold 5 targets.