New Tasks to Stop Climate ChangeMay 8, 2017
Dashoguz is the region in the north of Turkmenistan. It borders with Uzbekistan and people are traditionally involved into agriculture and cattle breeding. Local produce diary and meat products, pastry and bread; grow vegetables and fruit, cotton and wheat. However, Dashoguz receives only 4-5 billion cubic meters of water resources of Amu Darya which feeds southern regional of Central Asia. The main intake of water resources from Amu Darya is conducted in Lebap region of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan where people are engaged into intensive agriculture as well. As a result, one of the main problems of Dashoguz region is soil salinization, high level of drainage waters and lack of sweet water for agriculture.
In 2015, Gorogly district of Dashoguz region, where UNDP/GEF launched a new project titled “Supporting climate resilient livelihoods in agricultural communities in drought-prone areas of Turkmenistan”, received a grant for development from the President of Turkmenistan as one of the most rapidly growing regions of Turkmenistan. Today, the joint project of UNDP/GEF and the Government of Turkmenistan aims to improve the standards of living of the local population through introduction of the new technologies and solutions which will reduce soil salinization and increase harvest. The project will also help finding alternative sources of funding for vulnerable groups such as women.
“UNDP has a long history of working in Turkmenistan, and today we are widely engaged in the spheres of climate change and environment protection, which are the key spheres of UNDP’s action in Turkmenistan,” said UNDP Deputy Resident Representative in Turkmenistan, Vitalie Vremis. “For the past five years, together with our development partners the Global Environment Facility and the Adaptation Fund, we have invested more than 10 million dollars into the project on climate change and adaptation to its effects. Our goal is to scale up the results of UNDP work in Turkmenistan and spread this experience throughout Turkmenistan.”
The population of Gorogly district is 130 617 people, including 66 590 women and 64 027 men. 90% are employed in agriculture and harvest cotton and wheat, while 85% are simultaneously engaged into private cattle breeding. For today, cotton yield in Gorogly district makes 28 602 tons from 16 350 ha, which is 20.4 centners per ha in average; and 32 670 tons of wheat from 16 000 ha of land which is 17.4 centners per ha in average. If the land and water resources are used efficiently, harvest will increase by 35%, in turn, raising income of the local population by 15% including 20% households led by women. The project will also reduce vulnerability to drought of 50 000 people including 51.2% of women.
“UNDP/GEF started its work in Gorogly district with holding a survey on population needs and income analyzing salinization of soil and the most feasible measures to improve living standards. We pay special attention to the gender development and directly addressed women with the question of how they see the situation in the region, what troubles they face and what kind of support they need,” explains Project Manager, Amangul Ovezberdiyeva.
In addition to improving of the social and economic indicators and introduction of the adaptation measures to reduce climate change effects, UNDP aims to strengthen results of its work and scale them up through national legislation, which will allow reaching another 500 000 people. The partner of the project is the State Committee for Nature protection and land resources of Turkmenistan.
Result 1: Socio-economic indicators related to climate are improved in target agricultural regions of Lebap and Dashoguz through implementation of adaptation measures at the level of local communities
Result 2: Implementation of adaptation measures in strategies and policies for rural and water sector development
Outcome 3: National capacity for continuous (interactive) planning, implementation and monitoring of adaptation measures to climate change is strengthened