Introducing energy efficient practices for “greener economy”
Guided by the National Strategy on Climate Change, Turkmenistan is making steps for development of a “green economy”, in which introduction of energy efficiency and energy savings in residential houses plays a catalytic role. Two energy efficient residential houses are currently being built in Ashgabat as pilot, in order to save up to 25 percent of energy consumption in such buildings. The construction of these houses is carried out with the support of the Project “Improving Energy Efficiency in the Residential Buildings Sector of Turkmenistan”, which is implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in partnership with the Government of Turkmenistan with financial support from the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
New approaches, technologies and equipment for energy efficient construction are being tested in these experimental houses. One of them is being erected in cooperation with the Ashgabat city administration in Parakhat 7/1 district. The house is scheduled for commissioning in 2013. Houses of U-148 series have been chosen as the base for this experimental house, because they best meet the energy efficiency requirements in terms of architecture, space planning solutions and energy saving performance. The idea is to demonstrate that a typical residential house can be transformed into an energy efficient one.
At the same time, State Corporation Turkmenneftegazstroy is leading the work on designing another experimental energy efficient 114-apartment high-comfort residential house, to be commissioned in 2014.
Given the importance of initiatives to promote construction of energy efficient buildings across the country, experts of design institutes, construction companies and organizations, as well as lecturers of the State Architectural Institute of Turkmenistan have recently been introduced to the international experience of energy efficient technologies at a workshop in Ashgabat on June 27-June 28 organized with the support of the project. The workshop was facilitated by the project international consultant, senior fellow at the Institute of Residential Buildings named after S.S.Atayev (Republic of Belarus) Sergei Terekhov.
The workshop participants reviewed issues related to effective thermal insulation of walling in the design, construction and maintenance of residential houses by learning the international practices of construction of energy efficient houses. Special attention was paid to the issues associated with the installation and maintenance of engineering equipment for energy efficient buildings (ventilation, heating and scheduling).
The workshop combined theoretical and practical sessions. The participants also visited the construction sites of two pilot energy efficient houses in Ashgabat, where they continued the discussion of energy efficiency measures.
This workshop was the first of a series of special seminars for practitioners of the construction sector of Turkmenistan to promote the principles of energy savings and energy efficiency in construction of residential houses.
In the future, the project will conduct a series of workshops with participation of leading international experts with extensive theoretical and practical experience in the field of energy efficient construction.
As the international project consultant Sergei Terekhov put it, “energy efficiency is a necessary condition for competitiveness of any country in the modern world. Implementation of energy efficient construction projects is certainly an important step for the growth of energy efficient economy. I hope that the knowledge gained by the workshop participants will help them implement specific construction projects with significant energy saving effect for Turkmenistan.”
The joint UNDP/GEF project is implemented in partnership with the Government of Turkmenistan. The aim of the project is to support Turkmenistan’s efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by improving energy management and reducing energy consumption in the residential building sector.
The National Strategy of Turkmenistan on Climate Change provides for a set of measures to address the problems associated with reduction of greenhouse gas emissions at the national level. Speaking at the Conference on Sustainable Development “Rio +20”, President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov emphasized that this strategy aims to prioritize the development of high-tech industries, creation of conditions for development of a “green economy” as a basic element of functioning of all the vital infrastructure of the country.
The problem of energy savings and energy efficiency has been solved successfully in many countries. The so-called “green” houses consume significantly less energy to maintain comfortable living conditions and gain popularity in the world.
An energy efficient house is a house built in accordance with energy efficiency principles. It provides for the use of modern heating systems, air conditioning and ventilation, energy efficient windows, opaque structures (walls, roof, floor) with high heat-shielding properties. As a result, maintenance of such houses requires less energy with less harm for living conditions.