In-depth

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A training course teaches blind people Braille reading (Photo: UNDP in Turkmenistan)

Turkmenistan is demonstrating impressive economic growth. At the same time awareness is growing in Turkmenistan that its considerable natural resource wealth must be utilized in a more sustainable way, facilitating investments not only in infrastructure development but also in the development of human capital and institutional capacities. This need is ever more challenging as Turkmenistan has recently been classified as an upper middle income country by the World Bank, meaning that it is seen as having all the resources to ensure well-being and prosperity for its people.

In promoting the human development agenda in Turkmenistan UNDP’s efforts are aligned with national development strategies and programmes such as the National Programme of Socio-Economic Development of Turkmenistan for 2011-2030, the Programme of the President of Turkmenistan on Social and Economic Development for 2012-2016, the new Social Protection Code which guarantees socio-economic integration of vulnerable groups of population, the National Health Programme.

Strengthening the National Programme on Control of Tuberculosis


Beginning in 2010, UNDP has been supporting Turkmenistan in implementing the National Programme on Control of Tuberculosis using a grant of US$ 20 million from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. In partnership with the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan UNDP helps  strengthening and expanding of qualified services on TB diagnostics and treatment in Turkmenistan. Through its cooperation with UNDP, the capacities of Turkmen doctors and medical staff were considerably strengthened in TB management, while laboratory services were upgraded and expanded in the regions of Turkmenistan for better TB prevention and treatment. This result contributes to strengthening the national efforts in public health sector in general and supporting the achievement by Turkmenistan of the Millennium Development Goal 6 “Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases.”

Advancement of Social Inclusion and Integration of Persons with Disabilities

Promoting rehabilitation and social inclusion of persons with disabilities has been another priority of UNDP support to strengthening human development in Turkmenistan. UNDP partnered with the Deaf and Blind Society of Turkmenistan to demonstrate alternative approaches to rehabilitation and socio-economic integration of visually and hearing impaired people. UNDP helped raise awareness of the rights of people with disabilities and laid ground work for Turkmenistan’s accession to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in September 2008 and ratification of its Optional Protocol in 2010. Since 2012, UNDP and the Deaf and Blind Society of Turkmenistan have been working together with the Government to promote employment opportunities for persons with disabilities and review the national legislation for compliance with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and formulate a National Action Plan on people with disabilities.

Enhancing public administration


Improving public sector management and strengthening public financial management in Turkmenistan is emerging as a priority area of partnership with the Government of Turkmenistan. Building on the previous successful experience in enhancing the civil service system, implementing pension reform and transition to International Financial Reporting Standards in the banking sector of Turkmenistan, UNDP will work together with relevant national partners to strengthen their capacity in strategic planning and implementing national policies for sustaining high economic growth, increasing wellbeing and incomes of citizens of Turkmenistan. Efforts will focus on drafting and adopting the Concept of development of the public administration system until 2020, improvement of public property management, building the institutional capacity, as well as further development of the regulatory framework to ensure implementation of reforms in the privatization of public property and resources.

Highlights of Human Development Programme in Turkmenistan

  • New pension system was introduced in Turkmenistan in 2012
  • The amended Social Security Code of Turkmenistan allowed up to 60% increase in the amount of social benefit payments to vulnerable groups, including women with children
  • The banking sector of Turkmenistan completed transition to International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)
  • Courses on Human Development and E-governance were integrated in the curriculum of the Academy of Civil Service of Turkmenistan
  • Turkmenistan approved the National HIV Programme for the period of 2012-2016