Considering the national development priorities and global trends in the sphere of environment protection and disaster risk reduction, UNDP has shaped its Resilience, Climate Change & Energy programme around three main themes:
1. Building up the capacities of the local population and the policy makers to adaptation and mitigation of climate change effects
2. Supporting the development and the ability of the national stakeholders to disaster risk reduction and fostering regional cooperation
3. Promoting energy efficiency in sectors of the economy and encouraging cross-departmental cooperation
The programme is guided by the National Strategy on Climate Change until 2030 that was developed with substantial technical support from UNDP. The Strategy lays out the policy framework for building climate resilience and low emission economy in Turkmenistan. It also stipulates a number of sector-specific measures to ensure mitigation and adaptation response from the key economic areas, such as oil and gas, power engineering, construction, water, agriculture and the like.
Through its programme, UNDP has established strong partnerships with the Government and line ministries engaged into implementation of the National Strategy on Climate Change until 2030. Each UNDP project is supported by the national partner from the side of the Government.
Programme at glance
Improving Energy Efficiency in the Residential Sector of Turkmenistan
Severe climate conditions in Turkmenistan make effective heating and cooling in buildings essential to well-being of the population. UNDP supports national efforts to improve energy efficiency in residential buildings. UNDP partnered with the State Corporation “Turkmengaz” with the financial support from the Global Environment Facility to strengthen incentives and capacity to build highly energy-efficient buildings and mainstream energy efficient measures into state construction and housing policies and programmes so that these measures can be replicated in prototype buildings. Nine energy audits were conducted for pilot buildings in the capital city of Ashgabat and in the regions to identify energy loss patterns in buildings. The findings were used in application of targeted energy efficient measures as part of retrofitting and introducing revision of building code. The project has also ensured sustainability of the introduced measures by revision of the building norms for the residential housing construction approved and put into practice by the Government of Turkmenistan.
Addressing Climate Change Risks to Farming System
According to the 2010 Second National Communication of Turkmenistan to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, almost 80 % of the territory of the country lacks a constant source of surface water flow. In the face of this challenge, Turkmenistan embarked on assessment of the water sector to identify ways for more effective management of water resources and agriculture. Based on this work, Turkmenistan was the first country in the CIS and Europe to receive a grant worth nearly USD $ 3 million from the Adaptation Fund for improvement of water resources management for the farming sector, taking into account the local climatic conditions.
The project is implemented jointly with the Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan. In this project UNDP seeks to help local communities in three different agro-climatic regions to identify and implement effective adaptation measures to improve their resilience to increasing aridity and water scarcity. It promotes enhancing local capacities for adapting water management and builds on successes and lessons learned of a previously implemented initiative on land management.
Supporting climate resilient livelihoods in agricultural communities in drought-prone areas of Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan is a water stressed country and has one of the harshest climates in the Central Asian region. Climate change modeling indicates significant increases in temperature and reduction in rainfall. The long-term solution envisaged by the Government of Turkmenistan is to mainstream climate change adaptation at the community, district, provincial and national levels in order to secure climate resilient livelihoods in agricultural communities.
UNDP in partnership with the State Committee on Environment Protection and Land Resources of Turkmenistan will directly strengthen the adaptive capacity and reduce the vulnerability of around 40,000 to 50,000 persons (of which around 51.2% would be women) in the Lebap and Dashoguz velayets by helping improve the productivity of farm operations, be better prepared for increasing water scarcity and by introducing alternative income sources. The project funded by the Special Fund for Climate Change will improve water efficiency and crop production systems and bring back approximately 20,000 ha of agricultural and 500,000 ha of pastoral lands resulting in a real net household income increase of at least 15% for participating households.
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy for Sustainable Water Management in Turkmenistan
In Turkmenistan, irrigated agriculture accounts for 90 percent of total water consumption, supplied by aging, energy-intensive infrastructure. About 50 percent of water is lost between withdrawal and ultimate delivery. Water management plays a direct role as both a cause and a potential remedy for extensive and often severe problems of land degradation. Funded by the Global Environment Facility, UNDP, Ministry of Water Economy of Turkmenistan and the Water technology research institute seek to promote an integrated approach to water management that is energy and water efficient, reduces root causes of land degradation, and enhances local livelihoods and public service delivery.
Through technology transfer, investment, and policy reform, in Kaka pilot region UNDP project provides sufficient and environmentally sustainable water supply to support and enhance social conditions and economic livelihood of the local population, reduces GHG emissions associated with water management, prevents and remediates salinization of lands.
Another big component of the project is research held at the 145 ha of land in Geokdepe pilot area, where UNDP tests vrious irrigation technics in search for the most fitting and advantageous for various climatic areas of Turkmenistan.