6 Ensure environmental sustainability

Where we are?

There is strong differentiation in terms of access to clean drinking water and housing by region and area (urban, rural) in Turkmenistan.

In 2008, the Government launched the National Programme on Improving Social and Living Conditions of People in Villages, Towns, Cities, Districts and Regional Centers for the period up to 2020. It aims to align regional differences in the living standards and raise it to the world standards.

However, for the time being, the provision of the population with safe drinking water remains low. In 2009, there was 56% of apartments with central water supply (in urban areas - 82%, rural areas - about 30%). In 1991, this indicator was 45.2% (73.7% and 15.6% for urban and rural areas respectively). The target is to provide 100% access by 2020.

Most of the housing stock (in 2009 - 80.9%), including households, is in private ownership. (The target is 92% by 2015).

The total housing space provided to the population increased by 59% from 1991 to 2000, and by 20% from 2000 to 2009, totaling 21.3 m2 per person. The target is to raise this figure to 30.6 m2 per person by 2015 and up to 35 m2 by 2020.

To create necessary conditions and opportunities for acquisition and construction of comfortable housing, all banks of Turkmenistan have been authorized to provide citizens with concessional loans earmarked to pay the cost of housing, if purchased or built.


 This MDG update was provided by Turkmenistan’s National Statistical Office in April 2011

UNDP's work in Turkmenistan

  • Construction site of the energy efficient residential house (Photo: UNDP in Turkmenistan)

    Introducing energy efficient practices for "greener economy"

    Guided by the National Strategy on Climate Change, Turkmenistan is making steps for development of a “green economy”, in which introduction of energy efficiency and energymore

Targets for MDG7
  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
    • Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
    • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
    • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
    • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
    • Proportion of total water resources used
    • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
    • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
    • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  4. Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
    • Proportion of urban population living in slums