6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where we are?

According to the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, HIV/AIDS cases have not been registered in Turkmenistan. However, prevention measures are being carried out, and the Law “On prevention of disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus” was adopted.

WHO officially recognized Turkmenistan as a malaria-free country. On October 20, 2010, Turkmenistan received a special certificate of WHO on malaria eradication. In 2000, Turkmenistan received a certificate on guinea worm eradication, and in 2002 - a certificate on halting the circulation of acute polio virus in the territory of the country.

The National Immunization Programme until 2020 is being implemented; there are a number of other national programmes. As part of the fight against infectious diseases, the mandatory vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis, polio, tuberculosis is being envisioned.  Target 8 - Reduce by one third the incidence of tuberculosis between 2000 and 2015 has almost been achieved. In 2010, the incidence of tuberculosis per 100,000 people declined 1.5 times compared to 2000.


 This MDG update was provided by Turkmenistan’s National Statistical Office in April 2011

UNDP's work in Turkmenistan

  • Regional lab services use new equipment for detection of tuberculosis with luminiscent microscopy (Photo: UNDP in Turkmenistan)

    Strengthening capacity of tuberculosis laboratories in Turkmenistan

    The National Programme on Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis in Turkmenistan has recently benefited from the renovation of 28 district tuberculosis (TB) laboratories across the country.more

Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs