UNDP in Turkmenistan
Who we are
Over the past 20 years, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Turkmenistan has become a trusted strategic development partner of the Government. We have supported the country to address complex development issues across sectors and accelerate the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). UNDP in Turkmenistan is promoting human development and supporting the national development agenda. UNDP partners with the Government of Turkmenistan and other development organizations on a broad spectrum of issues relating to democratic governance, environment and energy, and human development. In all these areas, we help strengthen national capacity and pilot innovative solutions.
What we do
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) launched in Turkmenistan in 1995 based on the Standard Basic Assistance Agreement signed between UNDP and the Government of Turkmenistan on 5 October 1993.
Being a middle-income country, Turkmenistan has entered into the new format of partnership with UNDP realizing the urgency for greater national ownership of development results. In doing so, Turkmenistan has committed to building on the achievements made by the country in the socio-economic development and accelerating progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals. In this new environment, UNDP is supporting Turkmenistan’s efforts in improving democratic governance, strengthening national response to climate change and mainstreaming human development policies and strategies through high quality policy advice and facilitating access to the international best practices and knowledge, skills and resources.
The new country programme for 2015-2020 is focused on fewer issues with better targeting in order to address these in a coherent and sustainable manner. Priority cooperation areas in line with SDGs adapted by Turkmenistan are outlined as (a) suitable management of natural resources; (b) a stronger rule of law; (c) socioeconomic integration of vulnerable groups; and (d) advocating for greater focus on quality data.
In line with the global and regional discussions on the sustainable development agenda, the country programme reinforces the links between managing natural resources, economic development and human development. It targets more specifically the socially excluded, vulnerable groups such as women in rural areas (including female-headed households), persons with disabilities and the unemployed.
Under the new UNDP-Turkmenistan Country Programme for 2016-2020, UNDP in Turkmenistan is well equipped to offer analytical, advisory and implementation services in the areas of:
2. Access to inclusive health services;
Turkmenistan continued its strong economic performance driven mainly by hydrocarbon-led export and surge in public investments in 2012. According to the ADB’s “Asian Development Outlook 2012 Update”, exports in Turkmenistan grew by 44.7%. IMF projected real GDP growth of Turkmenistan to remain at about 8 per cent in 2012-13 and inflation in single digit. The country was classified as an upper middle income country with GNI per capita of $4,800 (Atlas methods, 2011) by World Bank in October 2012.
Since 2007, Turkmenistan has been implementing reforms in economic sectors and political areas. Turkmenistan adopted a new version of the Constitution in September 2008. Turkmenistan’s legislation is being reviewed in line with its international treaty obligations, including in the area of the rule of law and protection of human rights. A new Party of Entrepreneurs and Industrialists was established following the adoption of a new law on political parties. Turkmenistan opened five human rights resource centres mainly at the tertiary educational institutes in four provinces and at the National Institute for Democracy and Human Rights in the capital city to provide better access to citizens on human rights related literature.
Turkmenistan introduced a Notional Defined Contribution (NDC) pension system (replacing the previous pay-as-you-go system) and the Pension Fund in early 2012. According to the Government of Turkmenistan, 75% of the 2012 national budget was allocated to the implementation of the National Programme (2007- 2020) on Improving Social and Living Conditions of People. This rate of social expenditures is also stated by ADB. Turkmenistan's Human Development Index in 2013 is 0.698, which gives the country a rank of 102 out of 186 countries.
Turkmenistan approved the National Climate Change Strategy in June 2012 which lays out the policy framework for building climate resilience and low emission economy in Turkmenistan. The strategy stipulates a number of sector-tailored measures to ensure mitigation and adaptation response from the key economic areas, such as oil and gas, power engineering, construction, water, agriculture and the like. The adoption of this strategy signals that Turkmenistan is eager to make its economy greener have less carbon emissions and become more resource efficient.
Turkmenistan has been active in some global and regional development issues in recent years. Turkmenistan was elected member of the UN Commission on Population and Development for the period of 2012-2015, to the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs for the period of 2012-2015, and to the Executive Committee of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees on continuing basis. Turkmenistan is the Chair of UN Special Programme for the Economies of Central Asia (UNSPECA) for 2012 and Vice-Chair of the UN Economic Commission for Europe until 2015. In 2013, the UN General Assembly elected Turkmenistan to ECOSOC for 2013-2015.
Turkmenistan, as one of the major oil and natural gas producers, is a leading advocate developing an appropriate international legal framework for security of energy transit system.
The purpose of this document is to provide information that may be of help for mission members traveling from abroad to Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. The given information will be updated on a regular basis upon receipt of updated data. UNDP office does not hold any responsibility for the accuracy of the given information and encourages to contact UNDP office for the most updated information when needed.
Address: UN Building, 40 Galkynysh St., 744004 Phones: + 993 12 425250 Fax: + 993 12 325317 E-mail: email@example.com
Life expectancy at birth (years)
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Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above)
GDP per capita (2005 PPP $)